Coffee history in 1500s
1500 Coffee is becoming a lucrative trade item and is now traded from the ports of Alexandria and Smyrna.
1511 Mecca’s governor Khair-Beg orders the closure of coffeehouses when he finds out opposition is growing against him and gossip is being fueled in them.
However, the closure of these coffeehouses didn’t last too long as the sultan of Cairo came to the rescue and ordered the closures be reversed.
At the same time the sultan also has the corrupt governor executed.
1530 Coffee has now made its way into Damascus.
1554 Hekem of Aleppo and Shemsi of Damascus open up Constantinople’s first coffeehouse.
1570 The humble coffee bean has now made its way into Venice via traders who supply coffee to the wealthy, and at lemonade stands for medicinal purposes only…of course!
1573 German physician and botanist Leonhard Rauwolf is the first European to describe coffee as chaube in his book Rauwolf’s Travels.
1587 Sheik Abd-al-Kadir writes a manuscript which is now cataloged as Arabe, 4590 and is believed to be the oldest authentic account of the origins of coffee.
The manuscript claims that the first person that used coffee was in 1454 and was Sheikh Jamal-al-Din al Dhabhani, who was the mufti of Aden.
This manuscript is housed in the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris.
1596 Onorio Belli, an Italian author and botanist sends coffee seeds to the botanist de l’Ecluse. These seeds are the same ones the Egyptians used to make cave.
1599 Sir Anthony Sherley sailed on an unauthorized mission to Venice from Aleppo and is the first Englishman to mention coffee drinking in the Orient.
Image of Sir Anthony Sherley: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AAnthony_Sherley.jpg
Click here for History of Coffee in 1600s