History of Coffee in 1800s

Coffee History in 1800s

1800  Jean Baptiste de Belloy, Archbishop of Paris, invents the drip coffee pot.

The drip pot contains two compartments:  the upper compartment houses the ground coffee and is placed on top of the lower compartment that has a cloth filter in between to separate them.  Hot water is poured into the top compartment where it slowly drips through to the lower one.  

The French drip coffee pot is used in Louisiana where it is called une gregue.

1801  Coffee is known as the intellectual beverage in Italy and is noted for its refreshing infusion.  It is also thought coffee has healing powers, so much so that a leaflet is printed in Milan crediting coffee as a “cure all” by some physicians.

The invention of the espresso machine

Patent for one of the first espresso machines - designed by Angelo Moriondo

1822  The way coffee is brewed is really steaming ahead now (excuse the pun).  A Frenchman named Louis Bernard Rabaut builds the first espresso machine, where steam forces hot water through the ground coffee.  We have a lot to thank this man for as all coffee lovers will agree. 

1825  John Wilkinson is an English agriculturist, introduces coffee plants from Brazil to the Hawaiian Island of Oahu.

Wilkinson plants the seedlings on the island and from these the first coffee farms are planted in the Kona region.

1830s  The world’s top coffee producers are:

  1. Brazil
  2. Cuba
  3. Haiti
  4. Java.

1844  Coffee production in Cuba is starting to suffer as it’s hit by a series of devastating hurricanes, and there’s also a decline in the world’s coffee prices.  This leads to coffee estates disappearing and production sadly declines over the next few years.

1860  In Emmerich, Germany, Alexius Van Gulpen starts to manufacture a green (unroasted) coffee grading machine.  This leads him to partner with J H Lensing and Theodore Van Grimborn who began manufacturing coffee roasting machines.

Coffee leaf disease 1869  Coffee leaf disease (Hemileia vastatrix) is identified in May for the first time on a few plants in Madulsima, southwest Ceylon.  The disease continues to spread and by 1873 nearly all of the island’s estates have suffered from it.

1875  Guatemala begins its coffee cultivation.

1877  Between 18History of instant coffee77-1885 patents are issued for coffee-cooling, coffee grinding and coffee making machines in Germany.  

1878  Boston coffee roasters Caleb Chase and James Sanborn are the first to pack and ship roasted coffee in sealed cans. They extensively advertise their product which pays off in terms of sales.

1886  Former wholesale grocer Joel Cheek names his coffee blend Maxwell House after the hotel in Nashville, Tennessee, where it was served.



Espresso machine patent: By Mr. Angelo Moriondo [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Coffee leaf disease image: By Carvalho et al. [CC BY 2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons
Maxwell House image: By Cheek-Neal Coffee Co. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


Click here for coffee history in the 1900s

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